New York Centre For Divorce

The New York centre for divorce and mediation offers a range of services about family relationships. Each of it plays a vital role giving more space to lead a complete happy family. Their service includes couples therapy, divorce and recovery, psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, collaborative divorce and mediation services. These services range with experienced professionals from the centre of divorce and recovery and the professional divorce and mediators in New York.

The peaceful forms of life are seen with the help of NYC divorce. It brings the complete solution to family relationships, thy helps to overcome the stress, strain and pain passing these days. Their situations are mastered by professionals with thorough analysis and starting with counseling. To get the solution for the problems, counseling in New York centre helps the couples to decide their commitments and responsibilities.

Individuals passing through a complex stage of life with destructive behavioral patterns, imbalance state in work and relationship with repeated failures are guided with the expert therapists in New York City. They can overcome such conditions with two experts and should have a consultation with psychoanalytic psychotherapists.

NYC therapists, psychoanalysts and psychotherapists play the key role with analyzing the persons strange conditions and problems under certain sessions according to their impact. Psychoanalysts connect the person with three to four sessions or sometimes five sessions a week, thoroughly analyzing their background and feelings. While connecting often helps the person to express out freely and could come out of their problem shell. Psychoanalysis is more helpful to fight the persons negative feelings and emotions. The sessions are proceeded with psychoanalytic psychotherapists consultation, where it helps the individual to express out and know their right way of life.

Marriage counseling in NYC helps the person to know oneself. It is very much important as it helps to avoid negative marriage complications like divorce or misunderstandings. With couples getting started with marriage counseling will have a very good understanding to life on a broad spectrum. Added to it, they are able to gain the best relationship with better understanding and good level of adjustments. Adjustment and patience is widely necessary, which they are advised to master in every phase of life.

NYC psychotherapy is the different approach to the people is the first step of consultation with the psychotherapists. After a consultation the patient is proceeded with further reference where they should offer all the necessary details including the insurance coverage. Soon, they are guided to solution on a unique way.

Paternity Tests in South Africa

Paternity Tests and the New Childrens Act

The new Childrens Act confirms in Section 36 a presumption in respect of a child born out of wedlock. The presumption is that the person whom had sexual intercourse with the mother at any time when that child could have been conceived will be presumed to be the biological father of the child in the absence of evidence to the contrary which raises reasonable doubt. In the case of S v L 1992 (3) SA 713 (E) it was held that the phrase “in the absence of evidence to the contrary which raises reasonable doubt” means that whenever there is evidence to the contrary, the presumption does not operate or ceases to operate. This is also in line with the courts decision in R v Epstein 1951 (1) SA 278 (O), where it was held that a presumption operating “in the absence of evidence to the contrary” only requires evidence, not proof, to counteract the presumption. The Childrens Act does not define the word “evidence”, thus any acceptable evidence suffices, regardless of whether it is direct or circumstantial, however, it must raise reasonable doubt.
Section 37 of the Childrens Act states that if a person in proceedings in which paternity of a child is challenged refuses to submit him/herself, or the child, to take blood samples in order to carry out a scientific test to prove the paternity of the child, then a presumption in our law exists in which the failure of such a party to agree to such a test may be used as evidence to prove the contrary. The effect of this section is that it compels a court to warn the person who has refused to have his/her or the childs blood sample taken of the effect which such refusal might have on his/her credibility.
Refusal by mother to submit her and child to testing
In O v O, Friedman JP stated that there is no statutory or common-law power enabling the court to order an adult to allow a blood sample to be taken for the purpose of establishing paternity. Although there is still no such power, Section 37 obliges the court to warn the mother of the consequences of her refusal (perhaps that the man she is accusing of having fathered her child cannot be deemed to have fathered the child in the absence of a blood test). He would then in all probability not be ordered to pay maintenance for the child.

By Bertus Preller
Family Law Attorney
Abrahams and Gross Inc. Cape Town
www.divorcettorney.co.za

What Does a Bankruptcy Lawyer Do

Are you planning to file for bankruptcy? Do you want to get out of your predicament and start from scratch as soon as you can? Given the current economic situation, filing for bankruptcy has become commonplace with people increasingly finding themselves struggling to remain solvent. If you are on the verge of bankruptcy, you have a lot of things to consider, not the least how to make the most of this difficult situation. Your issues include paying back all your creditors and finding out how to keep your family secure, in the event of bankruptcy.

The US Bankruptcy Code has many provisions detailing bankruptcy and what should be done by the creditor and the debtor. It has many clauses which talk about different circumstances in bankruptcy. When you are on the verge of bankruptcy, your best resort is to hire a good bankruptcy lawyer who tells you exactly how to proceed.

When you hire a bankruptcy lawyer from a well known firm, rest assured that the lawyer has a solid legal background and a good experience in handling cases of bankruptcy. Armed with their relevant experience and training in law, your lawyer can tell you the appropriate clause under which to file for bankruptcy. To do this, the lawyer gets a complete understanding of your situation. They also consider the local laws in addition to the provisions of the US Bankruptcy Code. The intention of the lawyer is to to help you handle this difficult phase of your life with solid legal counsel. Only after considering the local laws, the US Code, and your particular situation does the lawyer come to a conclusion. The lawyer understands immediate and long-term concerns, and makes their suggestions accordingly.

A reputed legal firm that deals in issues of bankruptcy is known for the quality of its services. You can opt for a consultation without any charge, on your initial visit. On this visit, an experienced lawyer will discuss with you and get a good idea of your requirement, and then suggest an appropriate way forward. You can then decide whether to opt for their services. Any time you are facing the prospect of bankruptcy it makes sense to get in touch first with a reliable bankruptcy lawyer.

If you are looking to hire a good bankruptcy lawyer, Niguel residents ask you to keep in mind the reputation of the firm and its relevant experience in handling bankruptcy cases.

Orange County Auto Accident Lawyer

If you or someone in your family has been injured in an auto accident, you may have asked yourself, “Do I need a lawyer?” Mashney Law Offices attorneys stand ready to represent you.

It is a common and often costly mistake to assume that because you have insurance coverage you will not need or benefit from legal advice from a lawyer experienced in personal injury.

Insurance companies know that few auto accident victims are familiar with auto accident law, proper auto accident injury care, or the details of their own insurance coverage.

The majority of insurance companies have a list of doctors with whom they work. These defense doctors have an interest in maintaining a lucrative working relationship with the insurance company, an interest that may not align with an accident victims best interests, care, and legal rights.

In such situations, some defense doctors may minimize the severity of an auto accident victims injuries. Insurance companies may attempt to disallow some types of treatment in favor of less expensive and less effective treatments in order to reduce their costs. Even in accidents cases involving serious or catastrophic injury, an insurance company almost always disputes the cause of the injury and the necessity and extent of medical care continuing into the future.

Injured auto accident victims who attempt to negotiate without the benefit of legal advice from a licensed and experienced personal injury lawyer, after they have provided the insurance company with a recorded statement and been seen by an insurance company approved doctor, often discover that insurance companies are more interested in receiving premiums and in minimizing the costs necessarily associated with claims than with paying the claims of injured auto accident victims.

The injured victim of an auto accident may be wise to think carefully before attempting to negotiate with an insurance company on his/her own. The expert advice of the lawyers of Mashney Law Offices, experienced in auto accident and personal injury law, can be of great benefit to an auto accident victim.

In California as in most other states, if you are involved in an auto accident, fault and liability must be determined before an insurance company will make a settlement payment. Fault and liability refer to responsibility. The individual who caused the accident through carelessness or negligence is at fault and is liable for any property damage and personal injuries that result from an auto accident. Liability may be shared in situations in which more than one person is at fault. Each individuals settlement is likely to be based on his or her share of fault.

Auto insurance companies have deep pockets and teams of experienced and tricky claims adjusters and defense lawyers whose job it is to see that you get as little compensation as possible, a minimum payment, for your auto accident claim.

If you do not agree with an insurance company determination, Mashney Law Offices attorneys can file a lawsuit to recover additional damages, either for monetary damages, such as lost wages, or non-monetary losses, such as emotional distress, pain, anguish, loss of consortium, etc. Mashney Law Offices auto accident and personal injury attorneys have the knowledge, skill, ability, experience, expertise, and resources to represent you in your dealings with insurance companies.

Mashney Law Offices will work hard to see that you get the best settlement ethically and legally possible to compensate you for the damages, suffering, and losses you have incurred. For more information regarding auto accidents please visit

What Type of Lawyer Handles Swimming Pool Accidents

Sadly, swimming pool injuries and drowning deaths occur at a very high rate. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) estimates that everyday there are at least 10 pool related injuries or deaths that occur. What is even more alarming is the fact that 20 percent of these incidents occur to children under the age of 14, and of that 20 percent, a majority of the events happen to children between the ages of one and four.

In most cases, a personal injury attorney would handle a case surrounding a pool injury or drowning death. However, some of these cases can become complicated and may be in the best interest of the injury victim or their family to consider using a personal injury attorney that is very familiar with, or only handles, pool injuries or drowning claims.

— Injuries Associated with Pool Injuries and Drowning —

There are many different types of injuries that can occur in a swimming area. However, head trauma from falling and brain damage from loss of oxygen while underwater are the most common injuries. People who are submerged under water and become oxygen starved can suffer with one or more of the following issues:

Learning disabilities
Limited brain functions
Loss of use of one or more limbs
Speech problems
Hearing problems
Blindness
Personality changes usually resulting in quick temperedness
Organ damage
Permanent serious brain damage
Death

Additional issues may arise from these types of injuries that are less common based on the individual that suffered the injury.

Many of these injuries require life-long therapy and care. Individuals that have been injured in a swimming pool or hot tub area accident and their families should seek competent legal representation to seek compensation to cover the costs of care.

— Factors That Contribute to Drowning Deaths and Pool Injuries —

Pool areas can be dangerous, especially for children. There are many reasons that a pool injury or drowning can occur. Some of the more common reasons include;

Failure to place a safety cover or fence off the pool area
Failure to keep pool area fence locked
Lack of adult supervision around to pool at all times
Lack of warning signs around the pool area
Failure to provide lifeguards for public swimming areas
Failure to mark the depths correctly in the pool

It should be note that accidents and drownings involving children under four years old occur most often in their own home.

— Pool Safety Tips —

The effects of injuries associated with pool injuries are often suffered for a life time. Taking a few simple precautions may allow you to avoid the tragedy of pool related injuries or accidental drownings.

-If you own a pool, make sure that everyone in your home can swim. You can begin with lessons for children as young as six months.

-Establish pool rules. These rules should include:
oNever swimming without an adult present
oNever swimming alone
oNo diving, even in the deep end of the pool
oNo running around the outside of the pool
oStay away from the pool cover always
oAlways keep pool chemicals locked away

-If your pool is located outside, you will want to have a four foot fence with a gate that can be locked installed around the pool. You may also wish to lock the gate to your backyard. You must take precautions against neighborhood children entering your pool without your knowledge.

-Take a pool safety class and know how to properly perform CPR. This will be very helpful if an accident should occur. In fact, everyone who is old enough in your household should have CPR training.

— The Statute of Limitations —

When you have been injured in a pool related accident, or if your loved one lost their life to an accidental drowning, you must understand that there is a limited amount of time for you to seek compensation.

The Statue of Limitations are laws that are in place that limit the amount of time a person has to seek compensation for a personal injury. These limitations vary from state to state and can be as little as six months from the time of the injury. On average, the Statute of Limitations for seeking compensation for a personal injury is two years.

If you do not file a claim for compensation before the Statute of Limitation expires, you will not be able to seek compensation for your injury and losses. It is important to speak with a personal injury law firm about your rights as soon as possible after an accident occurs so that your rights as a victim are protected.

— Speak to a Lawyer Immediately About Your Rights —

If you or your loved one has been injured in a pool or spa related incident, you may have specific rights to seek compensation for your injuries and losses. You will want to talk to a lawyer who is knowledgeable about these types of cases and their respective injuries. During your initial consultation, it will be explained what rights you have as an injury victim and what types of compensation you are entitled to under your state laws.

I Have Been Falsely Accused of Sexual Assault

False accusations of sexual assault can haunt you for the rest of your life. Penalties for conviction vary wildly from case to case, as these charges can be extremely complex and difficult to work through. An experienced criminal lawyer can help you thoroughly understand these charges, and build the strongest possible defense for your situation.

Especially in today’s climate, when sexual assault on campus is in all the headlines, being charged with rape can come as a complete shock to many people. With all the grey areas in the areas of adult sexual relations, as well as the intricacies of consent and capacity, the accused may not even understand they may have committed a crime. On the other hand, however, the accuser may have made a terrible or malicious mistake.

How Can I Defend Myself?
If you’re charged with sexual assault or rape, it’s imperative you consult with sexual assault lawyers immediately. Try not to give any statements without a lawyer present. Being proactive is always the key to a strong defense. Although there are no accurate statistics on false rape accusations across the country, your attorneys understand the many ways a false charge could happen:

Innocence. Simply enough, you’re innocent and can prove it with an alibi. Your attorney can help you collect all credible evidence to show this — you were not there at the time, witness statements, documents like credit card receipts, etc.
Mental incapacity. In some cases, a defendant may not understand what they did was wrong or against the law. Due to a mental challenge or deficit, they had no understanding that unwanted sexual contact is prohibited by law. Some courts may show more leniency in these situations.
Consent. The issue of consent is difficult and complex. With sexual assault, the prosecution must prove the alleged victim didn’t give consent. Perhaps you did have sexual relations, but believed the accuser gave consent. What happens now? Sometimes the issue of consent is almost impossible to prove, but if your experienced criminal lawyer can show that you made a concerted and reasonable effort to ensure the accuser gave consent, the court can look favorably on this.
Mistaken identity. Again, you may not have committed any crime at all. With a case of mistaken identity, an arrest for sexual assault can traumatize you for the rest of your life. Your attorney will work with you to determine your alibi, locate witnesses and, if necessary, perform DNA testing to prove your innocence.

Your Best Defense is a Good Offense
Even if you believe any accusation against you is false, consult with qualified sexual assault lawyers as soon as possible. Your legal team is on your side, even when it might feel like the world is against you. They work with you to identify all the facts, establish the truth, and present a vigorous defense both in and out of the courtroom. With your reputation and freedom at stake, start your legal strategy as soon as possible.

Collaborative Divorce — breaking up doesn’t have to mean breaking the bank

The collaborative process, started by Minneapolis family lawyer Stuart Webb in 1990, provides alternative dispute resolution using a team of professionals working jointly for the couple, rather than in adversarial roles. It is just now hitting the radar screen in Illinois, where practitioners estimate that about 300 divorces have been handled this way in the last several years. The state averages about 35,000 divorces a year, records show.

Both parties agree not to enter litigation. Couples often hire attorneys trained in collaborative law and bring in shared accountants, financial planners, business valuation experts, child psychologists and even life coaches to help the couple. Unlike impartial mediators, the attorneys can advise their clients as advocates.

Proponents say it dramatically cuts the tension–and the costs–involved in traditional contested divorces.

There are skeptics, however. Among the critics are those who say the peacefulness of the process encourages divorce and attorneys who say the best representation for any divorcing spouse is a vigorous offense.

Participants in a collaborative divorce sign documents promising to disclose all assets, and their attorneys agree to walk away from the case if the parties end up going to trial.

An average contested divorce can run about $30,000, but it’s not uncommon for some to reach six figures, attorneys say.

Collaborative costs vary widely, depending on the number of professionals involved and the number of meetings it takes for spouses to agree on a settlement. Collaborative attorneys estimate that most of these cases settle for half to a third of what their bill would have been with a court battle. Settlements must be reviewed and approved by a judge.

Costs ranged from $5,000 to $21,000, representing as high as 15 percent of annual household income.

Even friendly divorces come with costs that reach beyond the courtroom, however, and women especially tend to feel the strain. Divorce Magazine reported the drop in standard of living for women after divorce was 45 percent in 2000. About 20 percent of people filing personal bankruptcy had been recently divorced, according to Harvard University law professor Elizabeth Warren, who has studied families in dire financial straits since 1986 and who is considered one of the leading national authorities on bankruptcies.

Your staff: In addition to consulting attorneys, divorcing couples are turning to specialized financial planners to run living cost estimates, decide the value of family businesses and prepare investment return projections on proposed settlements.

Typically these are accountants, certified financial planners or other financial advisers who offer a specialized divorce practice. Someone who has a Certified Divorce Financial Analyst designation has also taken a self-study course and completed four exams related to divorce finances, but be sure to inquire what other credentials he or she has. Training is done through the Institute for Divorce Financial Analysts in Southfield, Mich. (800-875-1760).

If you’ll need help valuing assets or a business, or suspect your future ex may be hiding money you also may need to contact a forensic accountant.

If you are the primary breadwinner but are considering a lower-paying job as you go through the divorce transition years, tread carefully. Some judges will require you to maintain your family’s previous standard of living. A judge may rule you’re more than capable of a high earning power and decide to award less alimony.

Your portfolio: If you think you’ll have to draw down some retirement money to cover expenses in the first few years of divorce, do it sooner rather than later, this way you can take a distribution at the time of divorce without a penalty,

Your tax return: Be sure to consider the tax consequences of your divorce settlement. The more money a primary breadwinner doles out as alimony instead of child support, the more he or she can deduct from income, experts say. The spouse receiving the alimony will have to pay income taxes on the money, but usually it will be at a lower tax bracket. Child support, on the other hand, isn’t deductible from income.

Reasons to Update Your Will

A will is a legally binding contract that is widely considered one of the most important documents you will ever sign. The majority of parents with children actually do not have a will and without one you will not be able to allocate your children any benefits. The general consensus is that after death the eldest family member will have control of your estate, however the reality is this will be decided in court and a judge will end up with the final say. Here are three fantastic reasons to update your will.

Relationships

Over the years you may have developed new relationships with people and organisations, such as finding a new partner or becoming a member of a charity or church. You may want to adjust your will to eliminate any old relationships so that they will no longer receive your benefits upon death. Newborns can be listed as beneficiaries and children who have reached adolescents can be listed as executors.

Income and Assets

You may have listed your car, estate or business in your will and these assets may have changed. Even if you have not sold any of these assets, the value has still changed, for instance your car depreciates and your business grows in revenue. As such the insured amount listed on your will is going to be different and a lot of complications can arise when dealing with these matters after death.

Residency

The location where you created your will is governed by state laws. If you have changed location since then, you will need to consult an attorney to find the legitimacy of your will. State laws can be very different from each other and have different qualifying requirements.

The Law

Laws change all the time and you will want to keep up to date with any legislation affecting your will. The best way is to visit an attorney of the state who can help to validate your will for you and inform you of any changes in law.

Yearly Checklist

The best way to keep up to date is to simply have a yearly check up. Law firms specialising in estate battles can review your will and can work with you to successfully create your ideal will. At the end of the financial year is when most changes take place and is the best time to review your estate, assets, income, superannuation and all other elements that fall into your will.

List down a checklist and consider the following 10 points: children, marriage/separation, death of beneficiaries, location changes, circumstantial changes, state laws, taxation law, time since last review, new business and income increase/decrease.

Your will dictates where your assets will go after death and without one a judge will decide for you. This includes ownership of children under the matured age. If you would like to know more or if you are ready to take another look at your will then jump online and search for a law firm that specialises in estate battles.

The Truth Will Stand When the World is on Fire

Summary

A version of this statement is often passed down within families. It comes from a variety of sources. One is Shakespeare’s “The Merchant of Venice”: “The Truth will Out.” In Ephesians 5:9 of The Bible, a modern translation fits the statement: “The light within you produces what is good, right, and true.” Essentially, it is the little voice in our heart that tells us right from wrong. The world is on fire when enough people do not listen to that little voice. Yet, time after time, even when the world is on fire, enough people have listened, combined, and acted for the collective good. Another quote: “When bad men combine, the good must associate; else they will fall one by one, an un-pitied sacrifice in a contemptible struggle.” Give Edmund Burke, an Irish political philosopher, credit for saying something that we all know to be true.

Tests of our Character

It tends to happen in small groups. Someone does something out of line. What do the others in the small group do? Usually, they tolerate the act. Then, the antagonist believes that his/her activity has borne fruit. It happens again. Most likely, the group will take note, but will not get involved. A psychologist among them would have an opportunity to conduct a case study on what has become a group dynamic. For everyone else in the group, this could be the opening volley of misery. This is the tyrant in the office, the bully on the school ground,the rule breaker and mischief-maker. What happens if someone in the office realizes, after repeated disruptions, that he/she must stand up to the tyrant? What indeed? If one good person takes a stand, the rest of the group still must do something. Usually, they do nothing. “Let Human Resources handle it.” “Discipline is the teacher’s job.” These moments are a test of character for everyone in the small group. If someone stands up for right, and stands alone, the stronger personality will win. Quite often, the stronger personality belongs to the tyrant. An emboldened tyrant will dominate, much as a sheep-herding dog dominates sheep that outnumber the dog, perhaps 200:1.

Citizens

People predominately live their lives as members of a human society. In some parts of the world, those societies are still called tribes. In industrialized countries, citizens often form around villages, towns, cities. Folks identify themselves to be part of a district, a state, a region and a country. Besides geography, people form around their familial ties, their religion, their sport team, their school, their earned educational designation (society of engineers, local labor union). In all of these examples of shared human bonds, the rule of law is necessary. Someone must lead. He/’she is expected to promote the welfare of the society through governance. Tests of our character are found here too. The same people who will not listen to their inner voice, will not stand up for righteousness, will not support the one who does, also will not likely contribute to the society. They will not lead or volunteer to support. They will not vote and will not communicate with the one who was elected. When trouble comes,they expect the police to handle it. When their child acts out in public, they will not correct the child. Their country might have been born from sacrifice. Others, before them, may have given their lives to guarantee the freedoms that all of the citizens enjoy. Yet, in time of need, during crisis, and even during the safe times when voting in the best leader is so important, so many will shirk their obligation to their ancestors and to the society’s needs today. They will not listen to their inner voice. “Let someone else vote.” “Someone should say something to that lady who lets her dog C*** on their lawn.” “I don’t have time to answer that senator who asked me how he is doing in Congress.” “Those poor starving people in the earthquake zone;someone should organize food for them.” “What is the world coming to? Those people have just taken another country. Don’t they realize that their leader is a tyrant? I hope we stay out of it.”

The Truth

The rule of law only works when society enforces the rule. Many will argue that there is too much corruption and crime in the world, too many different points of view to gain consensus on what is right, vast distances in geography, and greater personal risks today make it harder to take a principled stand. Yet,no argument has the strength to withstand public scrutiny or self-examination. When we do not take a stand, we stand for nothing. Edmund Burke is not remembered for being correct about the stands that he took. He is admired for standing up. Any of us who have done that in our lives, look back on the moment without the stinging rebuke of regret. The ones who stand alone against the tyrant and bully stand tall, even if they lose. It is the ones who will not stand with him/her, those who let themselves fail the test of character, who cast their eyes down to their shoes in the presence of the one who was sacrificed. But, take heart. Some of the most admired, good people of societies were slackers for much of their early lives. One day,they looked up and stood up for right. That became their habit. The truth will stand when the world is on fire. Truth is revealed by people who will not tolerate a wrong. When they stand, they are the rock. Those who stand with them build a stone wall about that rock. Never are there too many of them to extinguish a moral fire. There can be too few. Stand up!

Landlord and Tenant Law – The Importance of A Written Tenancy Agreement

Does a Tenancy Have to Be in Writing? Under the Law of Property Act 1925 and the Law of Property (Miscellaneous Provision) Act 1989 any contract for the creation of an interest in land is invalid and unenforceable unless it is do so in writing. Interest in land would include mortgages, sales and transfers, charges or leases. The exception to this rule is that an oral lease may be created so long as it is;

* For the best rent reasonably obtainable (i.e. a market rent) * For a period of less than 3 years

This means that a tenancy can generally be created by verbal a agreement, although this isn’t advisable as verbal contracts would be difficult to prove and if the relationship between the landlord and the tenant breaks down, an expensive court proceeding may be have to take place in the absence of clear and unambiguous terms. This is why a written tenancy agreement is therefore in the best interests of both the landlord and the tenant.

Written Statement of Terms At the moment every residential tenancy is presumed to be an Assured Shorthold Tenancy unless there is an agreement that states otherwise. Tenancies of this type are subject to special rules.

When there is no written tenancy agreement, section 20A of the Housing Act 1988 provides that the tenant is entitled to be provided on demand with a written statement setting out the following terms of the tenancy:

* Term or length of the tenancy

* Date on which the tenancy commenced

* Dates on which rent is payable

* The rent due under the tenancy

The landlord is required by law to provide this statement within 28 days of receiving written notice from the tenant. Any failure to comply with the requirements of this act wil be classed as a criminal offence and if a landlord fails provide the requested statement within 28 days, they may be convicted and fined up to 2,500.

What Should I Put In The Tenancy Agreement? The information on dates and rent payments that landlords are obliged to provide the tenant under the Housing Act, a tenancy agreement will usually include provisions which relate to the following:

* Details of additional bills & service charges

* Inspections

* Procedure for ending the tenancy and resolving disputes

* Procedure for varying the rent

* Responsibility for maintenance

* Restrictions on the use of the property

In all tenancies, the tenant will have a number of basic rights which cannot be taken away or restricted, and any provision of the tenancy agreement which attempts to do so will become invalid. Where one provision or term of a contract such as a tenancy is found to be invalid, other provisions which refer or relate to that term may be unenforceable. Because of this, care should be taken when drafting a tenancy agreement and you may want to consult a professional.

If you own several properties which you rent out, it may be more cost-effective for you to ask a lawyer to draft you a standard-form tenancy agreement which you can customise for each individual property rather than consulting a solicitor for each individual tenancy.